The 2007 Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish Community Study

Sponsor(s): Allied Jewish Federation of Colorado, Jay and Rose Phillips Family Foundation, Rose Community Foundation, Sturm Family Foundation, Weaver Family Foundation

Principal Investigator(s): Jacob B. Ukeles, Ron Miller

Study Dates: April, 2007 - July, 2007. Interviewing conducted by ICR (International Communications Research), Media, PA. - now SSRS: Social Science Research Solutions

Population Estimates: An estimated 83,900 Jewish persons live in 47,500 Jewish households in 2007. A total of 117,200 people reside in Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish households, including 33,300 non-Jewish persons (28% of all people in Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish households).
Key Findings:
  • The number of Jewish persons living in the seven-county Metro Denver/Boulder area increased 33% from the 1997 study estimate of 63,300 Jews. The number of Jewish households (one adult considers self Jewish increased 48% from 1997-2007.
  • Metro Denver/Boulder is the fourth largest western USA Jewish community after Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay Area, and San Diego.

  • 24% of Denver/Boulder Jewish households have moved to the community within the ten years prior to the survey; newcomers are disproportionately younger adults.

  • Children under age 18 constitute 22% of all people living in Jewish households, while seniors 65 and older represent only 12%.

  • Diversity within the Jewish community is reflected in many ways, including GLBT (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender) Jews and multi-racial households.

  • Approximately 3% of the community's Jewish households include a GLBT household member, with just under 2% of surveyed households being same sex couples.
  • 9% of the Jewish households are multi-racial, and another 3% identify as Hispanic.

  • Approximately one-in-four Jewish households is either just managing financially or cannot make ends meet; single parent and seniors-living-alone households are most at-risk economically.
  • Intermarriage rates have increased dramatically since 1997. Just over half (53%) of currently married couples are intermarried, compared to 39% in 1997. Recently married Jewish households reflect 70% intermarriage rates.

  • Of 24,800 minor children in Metro Denver/Boulder, 46% reside in intermarried Jewish households.

  • Children in intermarried households which are synagogue-temple members are much more likely to be raised as Jews than are children in households which are not formally affiliated: 45% of children in the intermarried-affiliated households are currently being raised as Jewish-only, compared to 12% of children in intermarried families which are not congregation members.

  • 93% of all children raised by two-born Jewish inmarried parents have had some Jewish education, as have 73% of children in conversionary inmarried households, and 70% of all children in intermarried-affiliated households. In contrast, only 30% of all children in intermarried-not-affiliated households have had some Jewish education.

  • Jewish denominational patterns in 2007 are almost identical to those found in 1997: 38% of respondents identify as Reform Jews in 2007, 15% as Conservative, 6% as Traditional, 5% as Reconstructionist, 2% as Orthodox, 12% as non-denominational and 17% as secular-no religion. Jewish Renewal increased from less than 1% of the community in 1997 to 3% in 2007.

  • 64% of all respondents report that a household member had attended a Jewish cultural event, art event, Jewish museum or Jewish festival in the year preceding the survey;

  • 32% of all Jewish households report synagogue membership, slightly lower than the 37% rate in 1997; but, given the increased number of Jewish households, the total number of synagogue members has increased;

  • 66% of households report lighting Chanukah candles; 57% report Passover Seder attendance; in 44% of the households a member fasts on Yom Kippur;

  • 85% of Jewish households report contributions to charitable organizations; 44% report a Jewish contribution; 23% report a Jewish Federation donation in 2007.

Sample: Jewish households in the seven-county Metro Denver/Boulder community. Counties in 2007 include Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas and Jefferson. In 1997, the study covered the same land mass, but Broomfield did not exist as a separate county.

Sample Size: 1,399 completed interviews.

Sample Notes:

The sampling design utilized a stratified random sample of interviews from two complementary sampling frames: (1) a Jewish community list of known Jewish households, and (2) a residual RDD sample, consisting of all possible RDD (random digit dialed) phone numbers in the Metro Denver/Boulder area, after the phone numbers on the Jewish community list had been removed ("deduplicated").

Overall response rate was 36% (AAPOR "RR3"); 72% of identified Jewish households completed the interview ("cooperation rate")

While a total of 1,102 interviews were completed randomly from the List frame and 297 from the residual RDD frames, List interviews represent only 30% of the weighted Jewish households in the data file, while the residual RDD frames accounted for 70% of weighted household interviews.

Data file is weighted to project to number of Jewish households. Sampling design, population estimates, and initial weighting by Dale Kulp, CEO and Founder, GENESYS Sampling Systems and David Dutwin, Vice-President, Social Science Research Group, ICR (Social Science Research Solutions) now.

Data have been adjusted by UAI to reflect the high percentage of cell-phone-accessible-where-they-live younger households in the community, especially "single" Jewish adults who recently moved into Metro Denver/Boulder.

Adjustments were based on an Internet survey of young adults in Denver/Boulder, where the focus was on estimating the percentage of Jewish younger adults who were only accessible on a cell phone at home; adjustments varied by marital status, newcomer status in the community, presence of children in the household, and age of the respondent. Slide show PDF gives some data re: cell-phone-only estimation and weighting details.

Final weights included adjustments for the number of landlines in interviewed Jewish and screened non-Jewish households, sampling frame adjustments for disproportionate sampling, as well as cell-phone-only accessibility.

Data file available below in zipped SPSS.sav and SPSS.por formats. "Sav" file is much more extensively labeled, since conversion to portable truncates variable names.

Data file has projected Jewish population numbers built into the weights.

  • Number of Jewish households: use variable # 539: "HHWt_CellAdjust_Final" (N=47,530 precise);

  • Number of Jewish persons in Jewish households: use variable 541: ""JewWt_CellAdjust_Final" (N=83,888 precise);

  • Total number of people in households: variable 540, "PopWt_CellAdjust_Final" (N=117,193 precise).
Study Notes: The 2007 Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish Community Study included two integrated components: (1) the population survey data summarized above, and (2) the results of the deliberations of three R&D (research and development) task forces which were designed to focus on key areas of Jewish communal policy action and decision making within the Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish community.

Reports available below include: (a) the screener, questionnaire, slide set and summary report from the population survey, and (b) the three R&D reports - with appendices - which were presented and discussed during a post-survey leadership conference for the Metro Denver/Boulder Jewish community.

The reports of each R&D Task Force (with appendices) were presented to the community during a leadership conference after the survey results were released. The R&D reports include: (a) 20s/30s Jewish Younger Adults, (b) Boomers, and (c) Growth-Dispersion.

Each of the R&D reports (including appendices) provides additional quantitative data from the survey

The "Summary Report" summarizes survey data and compares to 1997 data when relevant.


Survey Reports

» Summary Report

»     Boomers Appendix 09 - Boomers Leading Change Executive Summary

»     Boomers Appendix 01 - Research and Development Team Work Program

»     Boomers Appendix 02 - R&D Team Substantive Focus Areas

»     Boomers Appendix 03 - Policy Issues & Potential Survey Questions

»     Boomers Appendix 04 - Preliminary Research Plan

»     Boomers Appendix 05 - Q&A Document

»     Boomers Appendix 06 - Chronicle of Philanthropy Article

»     Boomers Appendix 08 - Summary of Preliminary Ideas from R&D Team Members

»     Boomers Appendix 10 - Jewish Baby Boomers PowerPoint UJC Retreat

» Connecting & Engaging Jewish 20's and 30's in Metro Denver/Boulder

» Boomers Report: Meeting the Caregiving Support Needs of Jewish "Boomers" in Metro Denver/Boulder

» Connecting & Engaging the Dispersed Jewish Population of Metro Denver/Boulder

»     Boomers Appendix 11 - Boomers Data: A Summary of Survey Data

»     Boomers Appendix 12 - Family Caregiver Access Network

»     Boomers Appendix 13 - Summary of UJA-Federation Program Funding

»     Boomers Appendix 14 - Local Program Survey Data (Zipped Excel)

»     Boomers Appendix 07 - Card Requesting Task Force Members Initiatives Prior to First Meeting

Slide Sets

» Slide Set (Full Slide Set)

Documentation, Questionnaires and Frequencies

» Screener & Questionnaire

Data Files and Data Definitions

» Zipped SPSS Data File

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