Canadian Studies

Jewish Population in Canada from The American Jewish Year Book, 2016

Summary article by Charles Shahar published in 2016 summarizing Jewish population data from the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey.  DataBank users might want to read this brief summary article first, and then followup (as desired) with the extensive analyses of the 2011 data on Canadian Jews below.

Jewish Population in Canada from The American Jewish Year Book, 2015

Summary article by Charles Shahar published in 2015 summarizing Jewish population data from the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey. 

2011 Canadian National Household Survey Jewish Report Series

The Berman Jewish DataBank's holdings on Canada include recently released reports on the Canadian Jewish population, based on the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey (NHS).  The NHS is the successor to earlier Canadian census-based reports, including reports on the Canadian Jewish population from the 2001 Canadian Census and the 1971 Canadian Census.

The 2011 NHS, like the Canadian Censuses before it, included questions on religion and ethnicity that allowed for a relatively precise estimation of the size of the Jewish population in Canada and analyses of its demographic characteristics.  The 2011 NHS did not include data on Jewish connections, behaviors, attitudes, etc., as was true of past Canadian Censuses. 

The 2011 report series on the Jewish population of Canada includes a national report focusing on all Jewish persons living in Canada, as well as reports on 11 Jewish geographic communities in Canada,

For the country as a whole and for the larger Jewish communities, multiple reports are available to be downloaded.  In June 2014, Part 1, on Basic Demographics was typically combined with Part 2 on Geographic Areas of Residence.  In September 2014, Part 3 on Jewish Seniors and Part 4 on The Jewish Poor were published as a combined volume.  In January 2015, Part 5 on The Jewish Family and Part 6 on Intermarriage were added as a combined volume.  In September 2015, two additional reports on Immigration & Language and Core FSU Jews were similarly issued as a combined volume in the series.  In December, 2015, a special report on Jewish Holocaust Survivors was added to the national report series (and to Montreal and Toronto, the Jewish communities of residence for approximately 85% of all Canadian Holocaust Survivors.  

An unnumbered Brief on the Fertility Rates of Canada's Jewish Population was published in April, 2015. 

National report: THE JEWISH POPULATION OF CANADA, 2011

Community reports: CALGARY 2011, EDMONTON 2011, HALIFAX 2011, HAMILTON 2011, LONDON 2011, MONTREAL 2011, OTTAWA 2011, TORONTO 2011, VANCOUVER 2011, WINDSOR 2011, WINNIPEG 2011

Please note that in the Appendices in the 2011 Jewish report series, Charles Shahar, principal investigator, describes details of the household survey, discusses the impact of the changes from a Census to a national survey on the Jewish data from 2001 to 2011, and discusses the definitions used in the Jewish report series to count individuals as Jewish.

For more information on the Canadian census and the National Household Survey, please see the Statistics Canada site.

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2001 Canadian Census

Reports on Jewish Canada from the 2001 Canadian Census are organized into national statistics on Canadian Jewry as a whole (which often include geographic comparisons) and parallel reports for major Canadian Jewish communities.

CANADIAN NATIONAL REPORTS 2001 

CALGARY 2001, EDMONTON 2001, HALIFAX 2001, HAMILTON 2001, LONDON 2001, MONTREAL 2001 , OTTAWA 2001, TORONTO 2001, VANCOUVER 2001,
WINDSOR 2001, WINNIPEG 2001

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1971 Canadian Census

SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION OF CANADA'S JEWISH POPULATION, 1974

In the Size and Distribution of Canada's Jewish Population, 1974 report, Joseph Yam explores demographics of the Jewish population through an analysis of the 1971 Canadian census. He reviews major trends and makes suggestions from the data. He also includes data and presents graphs going back to 1871 and an appendix with methodological information.

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Topical Reports: Canada

A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF THE ULTRA ORTHODOX COMMUNITY OF GREATER MONTREAL  (2003)

A Comprehensive Study of the Ultra Orthodox Community of Greater Montreal (2003) was sponsored by the Federation CJA of Montreal to better understand the frum community of Montreal. This study estimates that there are currently 11,025 Frum individuals in Greater Montreal, comprising about 12% of the total Jewish population (92,970) in the city. The survey focused on the demographic structure of the community and service needs within the Frum communities. About 83% of the total Frum households in Greater Montreal were included in the study.

JEWISH IDENTITY IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES, 1990-91

Jewish Identity in Canada and The United States: 1990-1991 was written by Barry A. Kosmin, and published in 1994. It provides a comparison of the Jewish populations of Canada and the the United States using the 1990 NJPS and the Canadian Government Census of 1991. It concludes that the societal processes affecting Jews in both nations are similar and the gap is not as wide as some might have predicted.

INFORMATION SERIES #1: OLDER ADULT POPULATION OF NORTH AMERICA, 1987

The Older Adult Jewish Population of North America written by Barry A. Kosmin and Jeffery Scheckner was published in August 1987 and provides an overview of the continental situation and trends of the aging Jewish population in terms of social and attitudinal changes in family size and geographical patterns in the US and Canada. It also suggests the implications for planning and service delivery for this population.

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